Estimates range between 21-32 million slaves. In Kevin Bales’ book, Disposable People, which was written in 1999, he estimates that there are 27 million slaves. As of 2006, Siddharth Kara, a fellow on trafficking at Harvard University estimated that there are between 24 million and 32 million slaves. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are almost 21 million people who are forced laborers. This estimate fro ILO is up from a “minimum estimate” of 12.3 million in ILO’s similar report in 2005. Clearly, no dispute that slavery exists, but the estimated population of slaves differs.
Ranking behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking, human trafficking is estimated to be the third largest international crime industry, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. It is believed to generate profits of an estimated $32 billion, according to a 2005 report from the International Labour Organization. Of that number, $15.5 billion is made in industrialized countries.
Between 14,500 and 17,500 people are trafficked into the U.S. each year, according to a 2005 report from the U.S. State Department.
Globally, some 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders each year, according to a 2007 report from the U.S. State Department.
Of the 600,000 to 800,000, more than 70% are female and half are children. However, a 2009 United Nations report stated that around 20% of all trafficking victims are children.
In 1809, the average price of a slave was $40,000 when adjusted to today’s money. In 2009, the average price of a slave was $90, Kevin Bales of Free the Slaves says.
Types of modern-day slavery and human trafficking include:
• Forced Labor
• Bonded Labor
• Sex Trafficking
• Forced Migrant Labor
• Involuntary Domestic Servitude
• Forced Child Labor
• Child Soldiers
• Children Exploited for Commercial Sex (including Child Sex Tourism)